Volume 17 - Issue 10
October 2019
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Posted on: Oct 21, 2019


Prasanthi Vidwan Mahasabha

- the story of a sapling which has grown into a tree

It thrills me and fills me with some inexplicable joy every time I witness it. The Poornahuthi (final offering) on the Vijayadashami day (10th day of Dasara) of the 7-day Veda Purusha Saptaha Jnana Yajna held annually at Prasanthi Nilayam is something that has to be experienced first-hand to feel what I am feeling. The Vedic scholars and priests raise their hands to pour the Ghee along with the silk bundle containing the grand final offering for the Yajna. The flames from the sacred pit rise higher, eager to accept the offering. Going even higher is the pitch of sacred chants emanating from a thousand throats as His students join the priests to possibly recreate scenes from the bygone Sathya Yuga, the Golden Age. However, none of these rise as high as the awe and emotion levels of the participants, active or silent, who have gathered in the holy hamlet to experience just this. The bright saffron vesture of all those on the dais making the offering reminds one of the Being who is the epitome of sacrifice - Bhagawan Baba, our dear Swami. The fiery orange flames lapping up the offerings also remind one of the same Being - the Veda Purusha, the Yajna Purusha - our dear Swami!

I think it was meant to be this way because anything that Swami launches is always keeping the long-term in view. The awe-inspiring history of the Veda Purusha Saptaha Jnana Yajna clearly shows that. While the Yajna itself is a glorious step towards the revival of man’s interest in the greatest goal of life, Swami did not stop at just that. To help everyone understand the significance better, He also initiated the Prasanthi Vidwan Mahasabha. That is another riveting story to read.

Birth of the Prasanthi Vidwan Mahasabha

It was on the eve of the Ramanavami day (April 1, 1963 as per Sanathana Sarathi records), when millions around the world were preparing to celebrate the birth of Lord Rama that Swami did something very special. He was then in Rajahmundry, the city on the banks of the Godavari river which is considered today as the cultural capital of Andhra Pradesh. The city had been packed to the full with devotees flowing in by bus, boat, train and car from Cuttack, Visakhapatnam, Koraput, Bobbili, Kakinada, Chebrol, Bezvada, Hyderabad, Warangal, Guntur and from dozens of tiny hamlets by the seashore and from big towns in the interior. All public transport vehicles huffed and puffed their way towards Rajahmundry with their huge human loads but left whistling merrily because all were eager to come but none wanted to leave!

The two days there saw Swami blessing the devotees with darshan, sparshan and sambhashan in a stadium measuring nearly six acres in size. On the 29th and 30th of March, scholars like Dr B Ramakrishna Rao, the former Governor of Kerala and Uttar Pradesh, Brahmasri Uppuluri Ganapathi Sastri, Brahmasri Remilla Suryaprakasa Sastry and Sri Jatavallabhula Purushottam addressed the gathering for a few minutes each, prior to the Swami’s discourse. The crowds kept swelling and even the stadium seemed to be bursting at its seams. To satisfy the thirst and yearning of the gathered thousands, Swami also granted darshan and a divine discourse from the roof-top of the home He was residing in as the devotees packed into the adjacent empty grounds.

Despite this devotional frenzy, Swami had a special plan for the 1st of April. Gathering a special group of Pundits, scholars and a few devotees, Swami set off for the river after dusk. Then, picking a motorboat, the group launched off towards an unknown destination. Swami guided the boat-driver to a dry patch of sand above the Dowleswaram anicut (which has become a barrage today). There, everyone got off the boat and Swami asked the scholars to pick a spot to sit. Soon, the group sat huddled around Swami, bathed in the cool moonlight against the background of the ink-blue river.

When Swami got on to the motor launch, He had a Masterplan ready  

Swami spoke on the state of the world and said that India must guide it with the lamp of Sanathana Dharma. “We must reform the habits of man; reconstruct his character; recondition his ideals and modes of living; help him regain the spiritual heritage which he is now encouraged to ignore by protagonists of material prosperity and monetary happiness,” Swami stated emphatically. What happened next, took everyone’s breath away!

To the background music of bhajan-singing by the chosen devotees, Swami plunged His hand into the sands and pulled out idols of Rama, Sita, Lakshmana and Hanuman. Then, before the scholars could recover from the thrill, He created a charming idol of Lord Nataraja, the dancing Lord Shiva. There was a stunned admiration which was broken by an even more stunning announcement,
“I have decided to establish the Prasanthi Vidwan Mahasabha, an All-India Academy of Vedic Scholars who will strive to awaken humanity to the need to attain the Prasanthi (Supreme Peace) which has its Nilayam (Abode) in the Sanathana Dharma, enshrined in the ancient scriptures of India.”

The ‘great gathering of scholars to promote supreme peace’

The Prasanthi Vidwan Mahasabha was formally inaugurated along with the Swadhyaya Sap­thaha Yajna on October 20, 1963, during the Dasara festival. About 200 Pundits had assembled at Prasanthi Nilayam for the ‘Convocation’. Coincidentally, it was also the day when streetlights made their appearance in Puttaparthi and Swami was requested to inaugurate the same.

Speaking on that day, Swami said, “Now, you have asked Me to switch on these streetlights, and you have mentioned that this is a supreme moment, for the village is to be free from darkness and full of light hereafter! Let Me tell you, this village is not getting light today! It got the Light the day this Shakti took birth in this place! For what is this little light that illumines just a few yards around each pole when compared with the Light that illumines the heart and spreads joy and peace.”

  The 'Sustainer of Flowers' immersed in His task of Vidwat Poshana

Stating the purpose behind initiating the Prasanthi Vidwan Mahasabha, Swami stated, “The culture of Bharat (India) which gives strength and sustains peace has been submerged by the flashy, glittering deals introduced from the West during centuries of foreign rule. The attention of the people of this land is drawn from the heights to the lowly needs of the senses and the stomach. Even after Indians regained the power to shape their own future, the situation has not improved, for the same injurious attitude is being perpetuated. The beliefs and practices of the past are condemned as superstitions by the inheritors of that very heritage! I won’t agree with people who dismiss them as superstitions, for they gave those who believed and acted according to the belief, the most precious treasure of bliss and peace (ananda and shanti). They helped to pull out the poisonous fangs of karma, fangs that inject greed, egoism, and hate.

So, like the garland maker who selects flowers of various hues, sizes, and fragrances for preparing a garland, the Prasanthi Vidwan Mahasabha (Society of Pundits) too has selected these pundits and prepared a garland. The purpose of this Society is to remind everyone of the role of the hero they have to play. Of course, I am the sustainer of the flowers, not the garland maker!

Dr Burgula Ramakrishna Rao, a great scholar in Sanskrit and Telugu, a celebrated linguist, a great social worker and political leader who served the people as Chief Minister of Andhra and Governor of Kerala and Uttar Pradesh, was made the President of the Sabha. Under him was a Central Committee of Pundits who had earned enduring fame by their scholarship, speeches and writings like Uppuluri Ganapathi Sastry (honoured as Amnayarthavachaspathi by his colleagues), Kolluri Somasekhara Sastry (honoured as a Kulapathi by his gratified students), Bulusu Appanna Sastry (known as Darsanalankara), Remilla Suryaprakasa Sastry (honoured as Sanga Veda Vidya Bhaskara), Varanasi Subramanya Sastry (celebrated as Balavyasa), Ghandikota Subrahmanya Sastry (the doyen among Dharmasastra scholars who visualized the Sai Gayatri) and the master of Vedic lore, Pisipati Krishnamurthi Sastry.

Swami appointed Dr Burugula Ramakrishna Rao (second from right) as the President of the Prasanthi Vidwan Mahasabha

The next day, October 21,1963, Swami once again enthused members of the newly created Mahasabha, "Bhavani gave a sword into the hands of the Emperor Sivaji commissioning him to venture forth and uphold Sanathana Dharma; this Siva-Shakti is today giving you the sword of courage and commissioning you to go forth and revive Dharma in the world.”

The blossoming of the Mahasabha

The deeper the roots go, the less apparent they are at the surface. Their presence is subtly indicated by the fresh fruit yielded by the tree, year after year. In the same way, the tiny sapling which Swami planted decades before is growing into a stronger tree with deeper roots, year after year. One indication is the annual Dasara celebrations in Puttaparthi. The Prasanthi Vidwan Mahasabha, has become an integral part of Dasara celebrations in Prasanthi Nilayam. Every evening of the seven-day Veda purusha Saptaha Jnana Yajna, there are talks on spiritual themes followed by the Divine Discourse (a recording is played post 2011).

The interesting fact is that these talks are no longer delivered by the traditional Vedic scholars alone. Devotees and teachers and students (from Swami’s educational institutions) who have imbibed, experienced and been touched by the Divine Love address gatherings as an expression of their gratitude to Swami. Their talks are as inspiring as the ones delivered by erudite scholars because, after all, isn’t there only one language - that of the heart? And when the heart speaks, the heart definitely listens.


The exclusivity of the Mahasabha and the Veda Purusha Saptaha Jnana Yajna has been overwhelmed by the inclusivity which Swami has fostered and developed. The devotees, teachers and students also participate in the various chantings, readings and Parayanams during the course of the Yajna. They chant the hymns and incantations in Swasthi (alternatively) with the scholars and priests. They are an integral part of the Poornahuthi or the final grand offering. Of late, they also team up with the priests to go around sprinkling the benedictory perfumed waters of grace on all assembled. The human-force that has slowly but surely been prepared for the task of Dharmasthapana, Vedasamrakshana and Vidwathposhana (establishment of Dharma, protection of the Vedas and fostering of Vedic Scholars - Swami had declared that these were essential parts of His Avataric mission) is an inspiring sight to behold.

It reminds me of Swami’s statements on the 20th of October, 1963, “The members of the Prasanthi Vidwan Mahasabha have to share their learning and their experience and their joy with the people, that is their elementary duty. For this, they are not to receive any monetary benefits, for they are only doing their duty, increasing their own joy, sharing their own enthusiasm. I am sure this assembly hall will move from victory to victory, for it is contributory to My work. This huge auditorium was erected, would you believe it, in 15 days! It was all done by the devotees; not a single coolie (labourer) was employed. The Chithravathi river helped a good deal, for it supplied the sand with which the place was filled. No government, no force of authority could have achieved this so soon; only devotion can inspire this consistent firm faith. It is all the effect of Will. The Will is there, so the great hall also will carry on its great task, unhindered.”

May those divine words fill our hearts with joy and a sense of responsibility.

Samastha Lokaha Sukhino Bhavantu.

Aravind Balasubramanya
Team Radio Sai

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