We need to develop the quality of sacrifice, love for the country and contemplate upon spiritual truths
Puttaparthi, Prasanthi Nilayam (Dasara )
Swami wishes that we put aside the differences of caste and religion and make an effort to realise that God is one and the same and live amicably like brothers and sisters and uphold the brotherhood of man and fatherhood of God. The three aspects namely the spirit of sacrifice, patriotism and spirituality has been in the blood of the citizens of this country from time immemorial and that needs to be revived in the form of actions. Good faith, good conduct and pure love are essential for man. The qualities of jealousy, ego and selfishness are great enemies of man and true devotion would shove away the bad qualities to give room for thoughts of God and pure love in one’s heart.
Become servant of servants00:02:54
Every human being should keep in mind the principles of adwaitha, enter into the society with principles of dwaitha or dualism and undertake service as devotion. It is divine to be called as a servant than being called a master. Actions done with feeling of ego become crooked but those done with feeling of atma become sanctified. Having started this journey from the ocean, one has to transform oneself into a servant and attain divinity through servitude. The great Sages of yore started their spiritual journey in servitude and attained divinity. In order to remove the ego one must strive to become the servant of the servant. So Gopanna also said, “Dasaanudaasudanu kaavalenu ra, Ne nee daasulaku sevane cheyavalera!” “Let me become the servant of servants! Let me have the privilege to serve your servants!!” “Aalubiddalu koodi velavelalayandu, “Let my wife and children, too serve them at all times!!” “Let my wife and children, too get the privilege to serve your servants at all times.” Then alone can one get rid of ego. This is the path of devotion, “Bhakthi Marga”.
What is true Adwaitha00:03:49
Therefore, one must hold on to that which is the basis for everything. The root cause for everything cannot be understood by studying either the vedas, or the upanishads or the puranas or the geetha. All the scriptures are the basis for the external world. The external world is continuously promoting the duality concept. It develops the narrow minded feelings of ‘I’, ‘my’ and ‘mine’. When one realises the unifying principle that dwells in everything then that is truly the state of adwaitha. Sai organisations must follow the principle of adwaitha and serve all. The atma that dwells in all is one and the same. One may be named as Rama or Krishna or Madhusudhana or Sai, they are but names and do not depict the atma within. These are the names given to the perishable body. That entity which has neither birth nor death is represented by “I”. All the names are attributes of the physical body. The name that depicts or points to God is “Aham” meaning “I”. This “I” is common for everyone. A person named Rama replies “I” when asked “Who is Rama?” so also do the persons named Krishna or Narayana. The name and form of Rama, Krishna and Narayana may be different, but “I” is common for all. Hence “I” is everywhere. “I” is equal to “I”. “I am I.” These aspects must be developed today. It is because of lack of people propagating such adwaitha principles that life today is immersed in dualism and without such principles one’s spiritual practices are futile as they would not yield the desired goal.
Swami explains the workings of body, mind, intellect and atma00:09:40
Man must aspire to become broadminded living in this vast and wide world. Every human being has four states viz., the ‘body’, the ‘mind’, the ‘intellect’ and the fourth one is the ‘Atma’ or the soul. What is the essence and duty of this physical body? “Sareeramadhyam khalu dharma Sadhakam!”- meaning body is verily the instrument to carry out righteousness. How can this instrument discharge its duty or dharma? A knife is used to cut both a vegetable and a fruit but knife by itself will not proceed to cut the vegetable or the fruit. There must be person to hold the knife and that person cuts the vegetables with a proper plan. Similarly, the physical body too is an instrument and this instrument does not indulge in activities by itself as it is not independent. The physical body works based on the stimulus and strength of the mind. Mind is the very basis for all the activity. Hence the saying, “mano moolamidam jagath!”, meaning the world is based on the mind. The world that is constituted by the five elements is also based on the mind. Therefore, one must put in efforts to understand the nature of the mind. The body suffers for the follies of the mind and that is not just. There is a small example to illustrate this. A man killed another.. The culprit is punished with death for the act. The punishment is suffered by the body whereas it is the mind that has committed the crime. How can one punish the body when the crime has been committed by the mind? Without the stimuli from the mind, the body cannot perform any act. But there is none in the world who can punish the mind!! Hence, the laws of the land punish the body!! This is the worldly way of punishment. The divine law works differently. The body is a mere instrument following the dictates of the mind which is the real doer. Therefore, the divine law punishes the mind for its doings. This body enjoys the pleasures through the five sense organs and that is the limit of its experience. It is the physical body that experiences but it is the mind that enjoys. One is hungry; how can one satiate one’s hunger? Where is the hunger originating from? Hunger arises in the stomach and that can be satiated with food. This is the nature of the body. What must the body do to satisfy the hunger? The hands must take the food from the plate and put in the mouth to make it available to the stomach. It is the hand that took the food from the plate, the teeth that chewed the food, the tongue that swallowed it and the stomach that received it. But it is the mind that experienced the satiation, contentment and happiness. The sum and substance of all this is that the body with its sense organs is merely gathering the experiences but it is the mind that enjoys those experiences. However, the mind experiences the happiness blindly. It thinks that with hunger satisfied there is a decrease in the discomfort and an increase in happiness. When hungry it will prompt the body to eat anything handy. That is the nature of the mind. But there is the third entity namely the ‘intellect’ which discriminates the food as good for body and not good for body. The body happily endures the dictates of the mind guided by the discriminating intellect. One must always use one’s intellect to dissect a task – as good or bad, as doable or not. Mind becomes blind when this discriminating power of the intellect is lost. What is it that sustains and stimulates the intellect, mind and body? That is the ‘atma’ or the soul. Man enjoys through senses when he identifies himself as the body; when identifying him with the mind, he enjoys the worldly pleasures; and when he bases his life on the intellect becomes the wise and the learned. And when man identifies himself with the atma, he reaches the realms of eternal bliss. One must pause to think here. Indulgence results in disease. On account of the indulgence of the body through its various sense organs, the mind is diseased with feelings of greed, jealousy, envy, hatred, lust etc. On the other hand when one enjoys the same with discrimination of the intellect he gathers wisdom. And when one utilises the wisdom so earned in the path of spirituality one attains the knowledge of the atma. One must decide for oneself if one wants the physical indulgence or the knowledge or the eternal bliss. People aspiring for bliss must act with the principle of atma in view. When one works keeping in mind the principle of atma, then such actions lead to unity and adwaitha. Such actions give no scope for diversity or dualism. One seeing the world sees it as big, vast and wide world, but the world becomes void for the one who sees it with the creator in mind.
Adwaitha is truth and dwaitha is untruth00:02:11
The Upanishads teach one to pray to be lead from darkness unto light, from untruth to truth and from death unto immortality. But in the present context such a prayer would reflect the nature of duality, “Dwaitham”. This prayer does not yield the required results for the present day circumstances. The future does not yield happiness to that kid who remains in the same class for years together. When will man reach the goal of non-duality, “adwaitha”, if he journeys the whole life with principles of duality, the “dwaitha”? The principle of duality is a mere fallacy based on untruth. One follows the path of duality, the untruth, leaving aside the path of truth that is the non- dualism, “adwaitha”. Hence one must make efforts to tread on the path of adwaitha the non- duality.
Conscience, Conscious and Consciousness00:04:38
One should not follow one’s body or mind as ‘mind is like a mad monkey’ and ‘body is like a water bubble’, so one should not follow the body or the mind but should follow the conscience. From where does one get the ‘conscience’? The ‘conscience’ has come from the all pervading ‘consciousness’. This consciousness is called as the ‘Chaitanya’ or life force. And from this life force emanates the ‘witness’. This witness is the ‘conscience’. This conscience is also called as mind. Hence, the consciousness is ‘Atma’. Body is the conscious. So there are three aspects: Conscience, Conscious, and Consciousness. Conscious is the body, which is made up of the senses. Mind is associated with the witness. Atma is associated with the Chaitanya or the life force. Therefore, conscious is ‘the one you think you are’. ‘The one, others think you are’ is the conscience. Consciousness is ‘the one you really are’. The same thing is said in Arabic language, followed by Mohammedans, as: “I am in the light!” It implies, ‘I am dependent on others, I am bound by the light.’ After a little practice it was postulated as: “The Light is in me!” And ultimately Prophet Mohammed declared: “I am the Light!!” ‘I am in the Light’ refers to Conscious. ‘Light is in me’ refers to Conscience. ‘I am the Light!’ is Consciousness. The same thing appears in Christianity too! ‘I am the messenger of God!’ refers to the Conscious. The word ‘messenger’ implies that there exists a master who is different from and not related to the messenger. After some practice, it was changed to: “I am the son of God.” This indicates a relationship with the master and that is the relationship of father and the son. This is the one that others think you are. Next it was said, “I and my father are one!” and this refers to the consciousness which is the state of ‘I am the Light’. The ultimate state is that of the ‘Holy God’. In Vedantic parlance that ultimate state is referred to as the ‘Turiya’ state. Without understanding the underlying unity of and inner significance, people belonging to the various religions are at war with each other. There is no difference in the religions as all religions are good. All religions teach the same truth! Paths are different but the goal is the same. The truth is understood by broad minded people but the narrow minded ones misunderstand and fight with each other.
What is the relationship between Paramardhika, Vyavaharika and Prathibhasika00:04:35
What is the relationship between “Paramardhika”- relating to the supreme truth, “vyavaharikam”- relating to common life, and “pratibhasikam”- existing only in appearance? Paramardhika is like a great ocean, out of which come the waves of “vyavahaarika”. The waves too have the form and taste of the ocean and those are retained by the waves without change. The waves too have salt, have the coolness and also have the white foam. The salinity, the coolness and the whiteness of the ocean are also present in the waves. Similarly the spiritual quality too has not changed in the worldly aspects. Next is the ‘pratibhasika’. It is the foam present in the ocean waves. The characteristics of ocean are present in pratibhasika too! It is most essential that one knows the relationship between these three namely Paramardhika, vyavaharikam and pratibhasikam and conducts oneself accordingly. Without ocean there are no waves. Without the waves there is no foam. Therefore without paramardhika, the spiritual content, there are no waves of vyavahaarika, the worldly ritual and without the waves of vyavahaarika there is no foam of pratibhasika. Therefore the foam of pratibhasika is based on the waves of vyavahaarika. Similarly the waves of vyavahaarika are based on the ocean of ‘paramarthika’. Hence, the ocean is the grandfather, Paramardhika is the son, and pratibhasikam is the grandson and so all the three are the legal heirs to the same property. That is the nature of the ocean. The ocean does not bulge or increase on the merging of the rivers. It may transform into vapour under the influence of the sun but it never dries up. It is the quality of the ocean to neither get elated nor get depressed. It implies that the ocean has no trace of ego or possessiveness. But man looks upon these three aspects namely Paramardhika”, “vyavaharikam” and “pratibhasikam” as different aspects. It is not true. One should not separate the spirituality from the worldly for then alone can one get peace in the worldly vocations. What is the reason behind the misery in the world? The reason for the misery is that man has forgotten the spirituality and goes by the worldly activity. The worldly affairs are like the castles in the air; like the passing clouds. Man believes the transient world to be true and permanent and neglects the eternal and everlasting spiritual aspect. Therefore spirituality should never be forgotten.
Every ritual should carry the spiritual aspect00:01:13
People have been singing bhajans throughout the past night. It is a worldly ritual. How does one get the rituals? The rituals are based on the spiritual aspects. Therefore, every worldly action is based on spirituality. All sorts of vocations like job, business, education etc are based on the spiritual aspects. Any activity based on spiritual aspects, though pertaining to the world, becomes spiritual in nature. Out of the worldly comes the ‘pratibhasika,’ the existence only in appearance.
As is the glass; So is the vision00:01:24
If you wear black colored glasses on your eyes, the whole world appears black. If you put on red glasses everything will appear red to you. So wear the glasses of love so that everything will be love filled. If the glasses are one sort and eyes are of other sort you will land up in trouble. Then glasses stand as an obstacle. Here is Anil kumar. He has worn glasses. Glasses, though they are as obstacles but it helps in his vision. So you should put on glasses that help your vision. What is that vision? The vision of love. You should have a divine feeling. But if you wear the wrong glasses you will lose existing sight. There is no greater path than love. Its because of the love, you develop other virtues like compassion, tolerance and forbearance.
Knower is present in everyone00:00:35
One must consider the body as the temple. This is the body; He is the Knower or the dweller of the body. Because of the ‘Knower’ in the ‘Known’, this body is called as the “Kshetra or the field’. When there is no ‘Kshetragna’ or the Knower, there is no ‘Kshetra’, the field, the body. So the ‘Kshetragna’ or the Knower resides in every being! One must develop that faith. The day one believes that it is the 'Knower' that is present in all, there will be no scope for evil deeds or thoughts.
Significance of Soham00:00:48
Right from dawn to dusk, twenty one thousand six hundred times we repeat the “So...ham”!! What is the meaning of this “So...ham”? “Soham” means, “I am God.” ‘So’= ‘that’, implying God which is oneself. “Ham” is God. Hence one is essentially breathing, “I am God”. Then why does one consider oneself as mere human? Body is human; the in dweller is the Divine. “Body is the temple of God!
Who am I; Question yourself00:01:56
First of all, one must make every effort to know one self. One wastes time in responding to questions like ‘who are you?’ One must put the question, ‘who am I?’ to oneself and must try to look at one’s self. How should one try to look at one’s self? There is a lot of agitation all over the world. The entire environment is making one suffer. What do people who go to a hill station do? They wear an inner-wear inside, on that they wear a shirt and up on that they wear a woollen coat to bear the cold. However, when they return to their native place, they remove the outer woollen coat, then the shirt and last the inner wear and are able to see their chest clearly. The outer coat resembles the beastly temperament or the ‘tamo guna’. The shirt resembles the pious aspect or the ‘Sathwa guna’, the inner-wear is the emotional aspect or the ‘rajasic guna’. When all the three aspects are removed the ‘Atma’ or the self becomes visible. As long as these three attributes are present, one cannot gain the wisdom of the self or the ‘Atma gnana’. Therefore, to reach that state of sacredness one must gradually reduce the three aspects.
How to make use of our will power00:01:52
‘Name’ is negative, ‘service’ is positive; the current flows when both the negative and the positive are there. The ‘current’ is one’s will power. One must make proper use of this will power. How can one utilise his will power properly? Bhagawan says one can attain peace by following the human values of ‘Sathya, (truthfulness)’, ‘dharma (righteousness)’, ‘shanthi (peace)’ and ‘prema (love)’. As there are new comers here, these things have to be repeated. Here one can find the bulb glowing and giving light. What is the basis for the light? It is the bulb. What is the basis for the current to flow to the bulb? It is the wire. Can one get the bulb to glow by merely having a wire? There should be the current passing through it. When the current of ‘Sathya (truthfulness)’, passes through the wire of ‘dharma (righteousness)’, reaches the bulb of ‘shanthi (peace)’, then one gets the light of ‘prema (love)’! That is the love. To have this light of love, one should have the bulb of peace. The bulb of peace must be connected to the wire of righteousness. The current of truth should flow through this wire. Therefore, the human values of ‘Sathya, (truthfulness)’, ‘Dharma (righteousness)’, ‘Shanthi (peace)’ and ‘Prema (love)’ give light to one’s life.
Form is transient, name is eternal00:03:34
In this world mud or clay is in one form. The clay is one but the forms that it can be moulded into are many. Likewise gold is one but the ornaments made out of it are in many forms. So also Atma is one but the forms of the individual are many. Milk is one but the cows are many. In the world one cannot see beyond the name and the form as it is made up of forms and names. One form, one name; out of the two, name and the form, it is the form that changes continuously and is something that withers away and finally disappears altogether. Though the form disappears, though the form undergoes changes, the name remains the same, changeless. An example here: the form of a cow could perish with the passage of time, but the name given to it, ‘the cow’ remains forever. In the same manner forms may disappear but the names given to the forms last forever. So when one takes the name as the basis, one can easily get the named entity. It is a difficult task to identify a person in a group based on certain traits but an individual responds to his name even amidst a crore of people. So with name it is quite easy to identify a person even amidst a large gathering. In the same manner, when one takes His name as the basis can easily get to the Lord. One can travel and reach the station once one knows the name of the station. How can one undertake the journey without knowing the name of the destination? Hence, name is of paramount importance than the form.
Everyone can transform their Samskaras00:07:52
When one concludes that all the matter in the world undergoes change from either good to bad or vice versa, one finds that there are certain objects that are contrary to one’s conclusion. There is yet another example to illustrate this. Gold is mined out of earth in its primitive form. The gold ore thus obtained does not have much value. This gold ore is subjected to many processes to remove the latent impurities and the gold that is bereft of its impurities is highly valued. When one concludes that all things occurring naturally are good then the gold that is got naturally from the earth is valued less when compared to the purified gold. What is the reason behind this? Materials occurring naturally with latent impurities lose their impurities after being subject to certain processes and treatments; this also a feature of nature. Likewise taking birth, eating, drinking, walking etc can be considered as natural traits in an individual. There are instances where man who is born with such basic worldly features has attained sacred heights by subjecting himself to certain practices to remove the latent impurities. Thus there are certain practices to attain this equanimity. A good example to illustrate the above concept is the watch that is worn daily. There is a watch worth rupees two hundred on one’s wrist. What is it that is priced at rupees two hundred- is it the nuts and bolts inside the watch or the metal that the watch is made up of? When the two hundred rupees worth watch is put in fire, the metal that emerges is not worth a penny. But a skilful work man, who understands the knowhow of making of a watch, uses the worthless metal to build a watch that keeps perfect time; this is called as ‘Samskara’ the process of making a worthless object into a valuable one after subjecting it to certain changes. It is this expertise of the skilful work man that is priced at rupees two hundred. It is the process that changed the worthless metal into a working and time keeping watch, which is valued at two hundred rupees. Similarly, a man who is born ignorant, can become a ‘Paramahamsa’ the realised soul, by undergoing certain processes like visiting the wise and the pious , speaking to the learned etc. One uses a valuable watch in such way as to derive full utility out of it; similarly one needs to use one’s discrimination to make proper use of the sacred human qualities acquired.
Difference between waking and dream state00:01:38
There is a considerable difference in the experiences that a man under goes in the wakeful state and in the dream state. What is the basis for the experiences in the dream state and for the dreams itself? When one enquires so, it can be concluded that sleep is the cause behind the dreams. Without sleep one cannot get dreams. People sleeping in the illusionary sleep get dreams related to the illusionary world; but the people with steady mind do not have the illusionary sleep and so enjoy the oneness with the divine.
Understand your Body, Mind and Intelligence00:03:33
According to the words of poet Vemana, it does not matter even if you go to the world of Indra or to the land of the moon. You should try to get on the Nandi and see the Divine and understand the self. Ordinarily, the word Nandi means “bull”. But Vemana has used this word Nandi synonymously with Buddhi or intelligence. He means that if we make ourselves distant from our intellect and go to the moon, the happiness that we get will not be the right kind of happiness. The right kind of happiness is contained in our own mind and within our own thoughts. Without making proper use of our intelligence, without developing detachment to our body and without having faith in the Divine, we are not going to have the fruits of our actions. If you keep away from cleansing your mind, and if you stick to sensuous pleasures, you will never have the fruit of your actions, even if you go on praying to God for His blessings.
Swami on waking, dreaming and deep states00:04:52
During the day, while he is awake, man gets involved with his mind, body, intellect and other organs and he establishes a relationship with material environment and enjoys the situation. During the night while he is dreaming, his body does not participate in any activity, his eyes are closed and he does not see anything with his eyes. In spite of this, he feels that he is going through different situations. While he is moving in many different places and participating in many different events in his dream, he is not able to find out which part of his body is truly participating in all those things. There appears to be no connection between the body that functions in the waking state and the body that functions in the dreaming state. Who or which of these two is the real body? On the other hand, while he is in deep sleep, he does not have experience of any kind, but when he gets up, he says that he has had a sound and refreshing sleep. Is he able to state and identify who it was that had a sound and refreshing sleep? Can he even identify which part of his body enjoyed that sound sleep? If one who, completely forgetting the environment, sleeps well and wakes up and says, “I have enjoyed a good sleep”, we have to ask the question, “Who is this ‘I’ who enjoyed a good sleep?” Thus in the waking, dreaming and deepsleep states, there is a self who has been present. This self is something different from the body and has been present witnessing all the states. It is wrong to think that this self is the same as the body. The body and the self are quite different.
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