Mind and its working
Puttaparthi, Poornachandra Auditorium (Sevadal Conference )
Embodiments of the Divine Atma!! The human body made up of the senses and five elements is no different from the mind. The body is the armour adorned by the mind to give expression to its desires and to experience the world. Mind is the basis for all the forms. Just as one cannot imagine the existence of a crop without water so also a body without mind is unimaginable. Only when man understands the principle of mind and conducts himself accordingly, can he aspire to comprehend the essence of mind.
Turn the key of mind towards God00:01:42
The effect on the mind is very severe. Mind is the main cause for the liberation and bondage. If you use the mind to do pure activities or good activities human becomes pure. Whatever you hear, whatever you speak, whatever you do everything becomes sacred. this is a lock and this is a key. If you keep the key in the lock and turn left side it opens and turn right side it locks. It gets opened and locked with the same key but the difference is in the turning. Likewise, human heart is Lock, Mind is key, Turn God side it is detachment. Turn world side that is attachment. For attachment and detachment mind is only responsible. We should not allow our mind to be filled with worldly thoughts. Consider everything as divine. Everything is Brahman.
Mind is the basis for everything00:01:57
Man must aspire to become broadminded living in this vast and wide world. Every human being has four states viz., the ‘body’, the ‘mind’, the ‘intellect’ and the fourth one is the ‘atma’ or the soul. What is the essence and duty of this physical body? “Sareeramadhyam khalu dharma sadhakam!”- meaning body is verily the instrument to carry out righteousness. How can this instrument discharge its duty or dharma? A knife is used to cut both a vegetable and a fruit but knife by itself will not proceed to cut the vegetable or the fruit. There must be person to hold the knife and that person cuts the vegetables with a proper plan. Similarly, the physical body too is an instrument and this instrument does not indulge in activities by itself as it is not independent. The physical body works based on the stimulus and strength of the mind. Mind is the very basis for all the activity. Hence, the saying, “Mano moolam midam jagath!”, meaning the world is based on the mind. The world that is constituted by the five elements is also based on the mind.
Mind and its mysteries00:02:24
Mind is responsible for all the business dealings and activities in the world. A school without a teacher and a temple without a deity are of no use. Similarly, a body without a mind is also useless. Ordinarily people think that the mind is bound by the body and foster it by looking after the needs of the body by various means. Man is getting bound by the body by believing that the body is essential for all the pleasures and comforts. A man with such beliefs cannot achieve any progress in spite of doing service and Sadhana. Mind is not like the blank white paper. Mind is imprinted with the tendencies and experiences of many past births. The fruits of the many actions performed by the body are also imprinted on the mind. Hence, mind can be described as an entity full of thoughts and desires.
Everything depends on your mind; Purify it00:02:37
For good and bad, our behavior is the main cause. Nothing wrong in education, nothing wrong with the culture, everything depends on the individual. Sacred water appears white and crystal clear, when it is pure. When this pure white water is kept in a red bottle, it appears red in color. Does the mistake lie with water or the bottle? The mistake lies with the bottle. The education system, no doubt is highly sacred, pure, unsullied and selfless. It appears polluted, when it enters the mind full of selfishness and self-interests. Therefore, in the first instance, man should purify his mind. When the mind becomes pure, our looks, behaviour and hearing would also become pure. Human life depends on the mind. Not only human life, the entire universe depends on the mind. Once the mind becomes pure, man becomes good in turn. It’s because of "Manas"- mind, we have the title "Manishi"-human. As is the mind, so is the man. When we say, so and so person is bad, it means his mind is bad. When we say, he is good; it means his mind is good.
Swami on the importance of mind, matter and awareness00:05:00
In the humanity today this equality is the ‘integrated awareness’ or ‘pragnya’. This ‘integrated awareness’ or ‘pragnya’ is a synonym of ‘Atma’ or the ‘self’. But man cannot live, even for a moment, without ‘integrated awareness’ or ‘pragnya’. It is this awareness that gives a kind of vibration to the life force in man. Embodiments of the Divine!! In man divinity expresses itself in three ways; one in the form of matter, second in the form of the mind, the third as awareness or ‘pragnya’. As Swami has said earlier, human life is the amalgamation of all the three forms. Radiation, vibration and materialisation are noticed. This is called matter, the force and the conscience. From where does one get the conscience? One thinks that there is an increase in the awareness and increase in intelligence. The intelligence is of the outer world but not of the inner world. There is another realm beyond the knowledge and no one is making an effort to realise it. One is always using the word knowledge; what is happening because of this knowledge? One is unable to realise the energy and it becomes allergy. There is the power of the self, ‘atmic shakthi’, beyond knowledge. It is not possible to neither to know nor to describe it. So in the spiritual path, it is said that the true self is beyond the mind and the words. One cannot understand it through experiments; one can only experience it. One has sugar in one’s palm and is able to see it clearly; then one mixes it in water. The sugar that one could see and hold in one’s palm when mixed with water cannot be held nor can it be seen. Can one deny the presence of sugar? There is the sugar, but when can one tell it so? The moment one tastes the water, one able to realise the presence of the sugar!! The sugar that one mixed with hand is no more graspable; the sugar that one saw with the eyes is no longer visible. But one realises the presence of sugar through taste- that is ‘experience’!! There is air all around us. One cannot exist without air. Is the air visible? Can one grasp it? Can one deny the presence of air as one cannot see or hold it? No! There is air!! Likewise, divinity is present everywhere and is all pervading. One is not pursuing to realise this divinity in all earnestness. With sincerity and steadfastness one can achieve anything. Hence the saying- “Sradhdhawaan labhate gyanam!!” –the earnest one acquires wisdom!! An earnest man can make a small fire into a big flame. A man without sincerity extinguishes even a very big flame. It is one’s sincerity that is responsible for either one’s development or downfall. One should strive to investigate to know that one doesn’t know with utmost sincerity.
Mind is the cause for use or misuse00:02:00
Every material in this world should be properly used. There is this knife here. One can use the knife to cut the vegetables, cook and eat them to satiate one self. With the same knife one can cut fruits and eat and enjoy the sweetness. With the same knife one can prove the loss of humanness and exhibit the demonic side by cutting the throat of another. For this knife is not the cause; it is the human mind that is responsible for the results. As is the mind so is the destiny; as is the destiny so is the position and as is the position so is the possession. But today man desires for wealth and possessions without realising his true position. To realise his true position man needs to transform his destiny. In order to change his destiny he should properly mend his mind. In Vedantic parlance it is quoted as “As is the thought, so is the manifestation! (Yad bhavam tad bhavathi)!!” One’s behaviour is dictated by one’s thoughts and feelings.
Mind is the cause for sorrow or joy00:02:32
All the types of sadhanas that we perform today are meant to control our mind. There are certain subtle, very secret truths hidden in the mind. As long as all my attention is concentrated on my work, I do not know what is happening to me, hands are just moving on my body, I am not totally aware of that. But, on the other hand, if you feel that there is some scratching sensation here, well you get that scratching sensation immediately. Once your mind is diverted onto that particular thing, you get that particular feeling. All the pains, all the sorrows, and everything comes only through our mind. From where does this mind come? Who is this mind? When we just examine that way, it consists of only thoughts. From where do these thoughts come? From where do these thoughts come? You say that you do not want sorrow, you want only joy. The end of one is the beginning of another. Joy and sorrow are always together. It is impossible for anyone to separate them. You can't see joy alone separately as a separate entity. If your sorrow ends, then you say that there is joy. Therefore, you should not bother yourself about either the sorrow or the joy but go to the origin from which this sorrow and joy emanate.
Man essentially means Mind00:01:30
Man essentially means mind, but we are only taking note of the physical form of man. This is a great mistake. As he has a mind 'Manas' he has been called 'Manishi' or man. If you see that the world is not the way that it ought to be, what is the reason for it? 'Man' means 'mind'. Mind is the conglomeration of the thoughts. The thoughts essentially refer to the type of action you carry on. If your conduct is good your mind would be good. If your mind is good Man will be good. If you say that the world is not all right today it means man's conduct is not quite all right. Our conduct should be divine, sacred.
Mind can achieve anything00:02:55
Real Sadhana consists of turning our mind according to our will. We get all types of joy by turning our mind the way that we want. The same thing has been told that man is bound or freed only by the mind. This mind itself is the very form of Vishnu. The entire world is immanent in the mind. Sometime back, long back, I had been to the Himalayas. We have been to Badrinath, Kedaranath and various other places. How stupendous are the Himalayas! After you come back, if you reflect for a minute, you can get back the huge Himalayas in your mind. Your mind and heart are so small, but still it can fit the huge Himalayas. The entire world is in your own mind. Do not consider mind as a small thing. Mind is a very form of Vishnu. Vishnu refers to all-pervasiveness. We experience difficulties and problems because we are mistaking such an all pervasive mind to be narrow and we want to control it. You should recognize the truth that you live in the mind, the mind is not in you. The entire mind is spread all over the world. The mind is in the world and world is in the mind. Do not separate them from each other. If you are selfish, your mind becomes very small. The moment you are selfish, whatever divinity you have, it becomes very small in you. You are going to ask for something, beg for something. Do not become a beggar. You are Master. Transform yourself into a master.
Friendship with Mind00:01:18
All potentialities are the reflections of mental feelings. We should have friendship with our mind. Once you develop friendship with your mind, you will be successful. According to Indian culture, it is only when you have true friendship, you can really experience God. Listening, singing, chanting, service, salutation, worship, servitude, friendship, self-surrender. It is the friendship that leads to self-surrender. Without friendship, you cannot reach the state of self-surrender. If you say that, it is only verbal or vocal declaration but nothing effective in terms of action.
What prize man should aspire for00:00:50
All the prizes that we receive are not prizes in the true sense. One with mathi or mind faces so many problems. Bahu mathi or many-mindedness or a diversified mind will have greater troubles. We should not have a wavering nature or bahu mathi. We should have the true state of mind or nija mathi. Nija mathi or the true mind, is the sukthi, the true message that arises from the human heart.
Do not be a slave to your Mind00:00:48
We should control our mind and make the mind our slave. If you are a slave to your mind, with all your strength you will still be weak. Therefore the mind should be your slave. The power and the strength of the mind is not noticed anywhere in this world. In the mind, great features and traits find their origin.
Power of Mind00:01:52
In fact, there have been tremendous beautiful sentiments in every man. This mighty strength is not noticed in anybody. It is the mind, a combination of thoughts which is very powerful. The one who can win over the mind can win the rest of the world. There is no other greater power than that of the mind. Mind is the primal cause responsible for bondage and liberation. Man is not able to control his mind today. Therefore, he is not able to be the recipient of the bliss for which he has to strive. If you control your mind, you can be successful in any of the tasks and you can become reputed. Students! Boys and girls! Achieve that state of the mind which is pure. If you control your mind, you will be able to accomplish anything.
Do not pollute your mind; Purify it00:01:28
We have the body and with this body we do many acts but this is not that important. We should purify our mind. In fact every man has a mind but no purity. Everywhere there is pollution. Nothing is pure today. We come across air pollution, food pollution, noise pollution and water pollution. We should see that our mind is not polluted by bad thoughts. The mind should not be negative but should always be positive. You may be a great man with all achievements but with a negative mind you will not be victorious. Turn your mind into a positive one. Your mind should be blissful all the time. This sort of bliss should be shared with many. That is true human quality.
How to control your mind; analogy of a monkey00:04:00
So instead of undertaking this kind of meditation with a wavering mind, it is better to undertake other types of work. One need not get discouraged on this. The mind has become fickle as we have been feeding it with the worldly tendencies but when it is put into practice which take it away from the worldly tendencies it will become stable. How is this to be done? When we give a work which keeps the mind ever busy, then the mind doesn’t trouble us. It is the nature of the monkey to go up and down and people who catch monkeys know it well. If it is kept at one place it does all monkey tricks! So the people who catch them, take them from house to house and make them climb up and down a pole; this way he also earns alms for himself. Likewise the mind is also like a mad monkey! So monkey must be engaged in an absorbing work to keep it from its fickleness. This monkey will not be under our control if we sit for meditation right away! Hence, first and foremost we should sit and give the monkey mind the duty of a watchman. The monkey mind so entrusted, will watch the breath going in- “So” and the breath coming out- “ham” and is kept busy. After five minutes of this exercise the mind calms down. Then you place a picture which dear to you in front of you.
Analogy of a dog to explain about the mind00:04:36
There lived a rich and prosperous householder whose heart was filled with love and compassion for others. One day while the rich man was having lunch a hungry dog came by. Looking at the hungry dog, he went inside and brought some rice for it. The dog ate and left for the day and returned the next day. This ritual of feeding the dog at lunch time went for several years. He got fed up and vexed with the dog as it persisted. He started to think of plans to get rid of the dog. The dog persisted in spite of getting beaten up. He wanted to drive away the dog but knew not what to do. If we alter the practice which brought the dog to the doorstep, then the dog would go away. The dog kept coming as it was being fed by him and would stop coming if he stopped giving it food. Likewise from many life cycles our “mind”, which is comparable to a dog, hungry for the worldly desires has been entering the house of the “Atma”, the householder. We have been practicing the feeding of the dog, namely the “mind”, with the worldly tendencies and desires. Hence, it is unable to leave us. The mind is quite to some extent, when you go about in the market or when attending your duties. But when you sit for mediation the mind becomes extra active and runs hither and tither. So instead of undertaking this kind of meditation with a wavering mind, it is better to undertake other types of work. One need not get discouraged on this. The mind has become fickle as we have been feeding it with the worldly tendencies. But if we under take different type of routine then the mind will get strengthened.
Analogy of electric wire to explain mind00:04:31
In our organisations, whether one preaches it or not, seva and “Sadhana” or self practice should co-exist. Individual “Sadhana” can be compared to the negative pole. The collective service may be compared to the positive pole. With the conjunction of the positive and negative poles, we will be able to gain worldly success and prosperity. There is the electric wire running from this end to that. But the light is not illumined in the corner. But the current flows through the wire even in that corner and that is revealed in the illumination of the bulb installed at that place. Therefore, the mind which can be compared to negative pole must be developed into a powerful bulb. The electric wire has a plastic wrapping over the copper wire inside. But when we join one plastic wire to another the current does not flow. When we join one copper wire with another then the current begins to flow. Similarly the current of “Divinity” is present in every individual. Our body may be compared to a plastic wire. Nothing comes out when one plastic wire comes into contact with another. The mind, which is like the copper wire inside the plastic wire, comes into contact with another mind, then the current flows in the form of ‘Divinity’. In the beginning along with the copper wire the plastic cover may also go. The plastic cover is external whereas the copper wire is within and that is the mind. Thus we serve with the body and with the mind we should try to approach and gain the love of others. Today we sit for meditation with the body that is like the plastic wire. It is not enough if only the body sits in meditation; it is the mind that must connect. Certain types of training are necessary for the mind.
Turn your mind towards God00:02:18
So today we should fill our hearts with love. What sort of love? Love is One. We find many types of 'love' in this world. That is not true love at all. It is worldly love. Physical love. It is just temporary. But the spiritual love is one that originates out of the human heart. That is the love we have to develop. All others are negatives. That which comes out of the heart is positive. You worship, you do japa, you meditate - all these are negatives. You go on moving the beads of the rosary, but the mind goes to the market. What is the use of such meditation? Your mind should be fixed in japa, the repetition of the Lord's name. Fixing the mind on God’s name is real prayer. Prayer does not mean allowing the mind to waver. Mind is responsible for bondage and liberation. We have to divert our mind towards God. This is the lock, this is the key, put the key in the lock, turn to the left, it opens. Turn to the right, it gets locked. Same lock, same key - the difference is in the turning. Human heart is the lock. Mind is the key. Turn towards God for liberation, turn towards the world for bondage. Our mind is directed towards the world, we are not directing our mind towards God. We take just the world to be important and struggle for the physical, ephemeral, world.
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