THE DIVINE AND THE COSMOS
produce fruits for the enjoyment of others. Rivers carry water
to meet the needs of others. Similarly, cows offer their milk
to humans. However, man, forgetting that he has been endowed
with a body for rendering help to others, is immersed in selfish
concerns and the pursuit of narrow ends. He does not exhibit
even a thousandth part of the spirit of selfless help to others
shown by the trees, rivers or cows.
From sunrise to sunset man today is steeped in selfish pursuits,
and the problems of humanity stem from this selfishness. Man
does not even live like a human. It is only when man becomes
truly human, that he can experience the Divine. What you think
exists is, truly speaking, not real. What you think does not
exist, is the Reality. God is the only Reality and there is
nothing in the world not pervaded by God. God is immanent
in the entire Cosmos. The Universe does not exist apart from
In every object (padaartham)
there is a Divine element (paraartham).
Without this Divine basis, nothing can exist. In this Universe,
there is no material object without a Divine basis, no living
thing without the vital force and no inert substance without
It is usually supposed that the natural sciences are concerned
only with matter, while metaphysics is concerned with things
Spiritual. But the physical and the metaphysical are inextricably
related to each other. The uniqueness of the Upanishads
lies in proclaiming this basic unity. Many imagine that there
is no connection between the physical world and the realm
of the Spirit. This is a grievous mistake. The Divine is the
base and the physical world is sustained by it. Thus, the
Cosmos is the synthesis of these two, Spirit and matter.
To ignore the physical Universe and remain preoccupied with
the Spirit is a form of narrow-mindedness. You have to develop
the conviction that the Divine and the Universe are intimately
interrelated. If the phenomenal world does not exist, one
cannot understand anything nor cognize the Truth. The Universe
is what helps in distinguishing the Real from the unreal.
It is impossible to accomplish anything, if the world is discarded.
Basing yourself on the physical world, you have to aspire
for realizing the Divine. If you want to realize the Divinity
in man, you have to first understand the nature of the human
The true goal of human life is to discover the cosmic unity
of Consciousness and matter. The best way to achieve this
is to lead a life of righteousness and to share the fruits
of such a life with others. One's true goal should not change
with time; moreover, one should pursue the goal with firm
resolve. A righteous life develops Inner Vision, allowing
one to perceive Unity in diversity.
In this Kali age, owing to the various perverse influences
present, people are prone to ignore the prompting of Inner
Conscience and act in response to external impressions. This
is not correct. They must instead develop Inner Vision to
achieve a balanced attitude to the world as merely perceived
through the senses and the world as it really is, that is,
as the ephemeral superstructure resting on the Eternal Divine
Principle. One must learn to function in the world and yet
not get bound by it - that is the meaning of balance.